QuickBooks Desktop is unable to use the path to open the company file if, when you open it, you see this error:

QuickBooks is attempting to open this Company file. Before you can open the company file from your computer you must first open the company file on the computer where the company file is located. (-6177, 0)

 
Before performing the following steps, make sure your QuickBooks Desktop is up to date.
SLN41400